The counselor defines each stage and works with Tommy to create personalized examples for each stage. Most importantly, together Tommy and his counselor identify which stage Tommy is in currently and discuss the possibility of progression over time. While in treatment, Tommy attends his first individual counseling session. Tommy and his counselor discuss the events leading to his treatment.

These withdrawal effects, along with the increased craving for the drug, are what lead to addiction. If you find yourself using cocaine more regularly and the withdrawal effects become increasingly worse, then it might be time to consider treatment for your potential cocaine addiction. Cocaine acts in the deep areas of the brain that reward us for “good behavior” – such as activities that lead to food, sex, and healthy pleasure.

Causes and Risk Factors of Cocaine

Mount Regis Center is a leading inpatient treatment program for men and women recovering from addiction and behavioral health concerns. At Mount Regis Center, we offer an intensive, evidence based approach to cocaine use disorder treatment. We offer a variety of therapeutic interventions that help our clients build a strong foundation for long-term recovery. A major metabolite for cocaine is called benzoylecgonine, which is often measured during urine analysis to determine if someone has used cocaine recently.

effects of cocaine

The ethanol in wine acted as a solvent and extracted the cocaine from the coca leaves, altering the drink’s effect. It contained 6 mg cocaine per ounce of wine, but Vin Mariani which was to be exported contained 7.2 mg per ounce, to compete with the higher cocaine content of similar drinks in the United States. A “pinch of coca leaves” was included in John Styth Pemberton’s original 1886 recipe for Coca-Cola, though the company began using decocainized leaves in 1906 when the Pure Food and Drug Act was passed.


If you or someone you care about is abusing cocaine, please do not hesitate to contact a drug abuse counselor today to explore your treatment options. The representatives at Windward Way rehabilitation center are standing by to help you and your family with substance abuse and addiction. The first step in treatment for cocaine abuse is to detox from the drug safely.

Eventually, visible holes can begin to form in the top of the mouth. One of the biggest risks when using cocaine is not the cocaine itself, but the large number of substances that are often used to cut cocaine. Levamisole, which we mentioned earlier, is used to treat worm infections in livestock. A residue forms, which is then dried until it becomes what we know as pure cocaine.

Cocaine Abuse Causes, Addiction Signs, Symptoms & Side Effects

Seven Hills Hospital helps individuals struggling with cocaine addiction build a strong foundation for lasting recovery. Located near Las Vegas, Seven Hills is the leading provider of psychiatric and addiction treatment. Originally, cocaine was brought to the United States for medical uses, and it’s still used as an effective anesthetic in some surgical settings. Cocaine is still used medicinally today, although infrequently because it has a high-risk profile for abuse and addiction.

  • For example, injecting cocaine puts people at risk of infection at the injection site.
  • Plus, treatment, which comprises a variety of formats and therapies to fit your unique needs, is available.
  • In Southern California, cocaine addiction treatment is available to teens who need to fight a cocaine dependency.
  • Cocaine is the most powerful stimulant made from 100% natural substances.
  • Cocaine impacts the brain’s neurons’ ability to absorb dopamine, which is why it affects the brain so much.

Long-term effects include a need for ongoing mental health support as users will develop anxiety, panic disorders, and in some cases, schizophrenia. Different routes of cocaine administration can produce different adverse effects. Ingested cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene, due to reduced blood flow. And, persons who inject cocaine have puncture marks and “tracks,” most commonly in their forearms. Intravenous cocaine users may also experience an allergic reaction, either to the drug, or to some additive in street cocaine, which can result, in severe cases, in death. Because cocaine has a tendency to decrease food intake, many chronic cocaine users lose their appetites and can experience significant weight loss and malnourishment.


Remember, many people understand what you’re going through, and help is out there. As damage to the nasal structure continues, the areas how long does cocaine stay in your system that run alongside the nose also begin to take a hit. Long-term cocaine use can eventually lead to damage to the hard palate.

This excess dopamine contributes to the feelings of euphoria that cocaine produces. Dependence is when a person needs the drug to function normally. If someone who is dependent on cocaine suddenly stops taking the drug or drastically reduces their use, they may experience withdrawal.

What are the long-term mental effects of cocaine abuse?

Use of cocaine in a binge, during which the drug is taken repeatedly and at increasingly high doses, leads to a state of increasing irritability, restlessness, and paranoia. This may result in a full-blown paranoid psychosis, in which the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations. Find the right drug or alcohol abuse treatment program with the Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator. Approximately 14% of adults in the United States reported having tried cocaine. One in every 40 adults in the U.S. reports cocaine usage within the past year. The highest rates of cocaine usage are young men ages 18 to 25, with 8% having used blow with in the past 12 months.

effects of cocaine